||The modern legal system in Romania dates back to the mid 19th century. Based on French, Belgian, Italian and German models, the Romanian justice system operates at four levels; instance courts, which are local courts, the courts of Appeal and the Supreme Court of Justice.
The Supreme Court of Justice is the highest court in Romania, solving final appeals against rulings passed by the courts of Appeal, and against other rulings, as provided by the law. Also, it operates as a first instance court in the cases where high state officials are charged with serious offences. The Supreme Court of Justice is organized into four specialized sections. It has its own budget (a part of the state budget) and financial self-management.