Romania is located in the geographic center of Europe, between 43°37'07"-48°15'06" latitude North and 20°15'44"-29°41'24" longitude East.
It neighbours to the North on Ukraine, to the East on the Republic of Moldova, Ukraine, the Black Sea; to the south on Bulgaria; to the South-West on Serbia and Montenegra; and to the West on Hungary. It stretches over 238,391 sq. km. which ranks it 12th in Europe. Romaina's relief boasts a high diversity and complexity, 31% of its area is covered by mountains (with heights between 800 and 2543 m), 36% by hills and tablelands, and the rest of 33% by plains (under 200 m altitude).
The harmoniously set relief has the Carpathian Mountains as an axis. In the centre lies the Plateau of Transylvania surrounded by the chains of the Carpathians: the Eastern Carpathians (from the northern border to Prahova Valley) with the highest peak, Pietrosul (2305 m), in the Rodna Mountains; the Southern Carpathians (from Parhova Valley to the Timis-Cerna-Bistra-Strei corridor) reaching the highest elevation in the Fagaras Mountains (Moloveanu Peak - 2543 m);and the Western Carpathians (from the Danube Valley to the South to the Somes Valley to the North) with the highest elevation at the Curcubata Peak (1848 m). On Romaina's territory, the Carpathian Mountains have a width varying between 120 and 70 km.
The Danube Delta, located north of the Plateau of Dobrudja, is the most recent geographical feature in Romania. The main river is the Danube that forms the largest part of Romania's southern border (of its total length of 2850 km, 1075 km are in Romania). Other major rivers: Mures (768km), Olt (736km), Prut (716km), Siret (598km), lalomita (410km), Somes (388km), Arges (344km), Jiu (331km), Buzau (324km), and Bisttrita (290km).
Romania boasts great bio diversity and unspoiled ecosystems. The vast territories of the Danube Delta, the big number of large carnivores and the huge wooded expanses in the Carpathian Mountains are among the most significant and best known aspects of Romania's natural wealth.
Wildlife diversity is attested to by existing populations of wolf, bear, chamois and lynx, considered amongst the rarest in Europe, and also by vast unspoiled forest and alpine habitats associated with the Carpathian's mountain range.
On the territory of Romania 3700 plant species were identified, of which 23 have been declared nature monuments, 74 are extinct, 39 are endangered, 171 are vulnerable, and 1253 are rare.
Biosphere reserves, nature parks and national parks total an area of 1,132,176 hectares. The Black Sea
Romania borders on the Black Sea in its southeastern part. The Black Sea has an area of 413,488 sq.km. The Retezat National Park in the west of Romania is the oldest national park in this country, protected under a law passed in 1935.