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Nation: Romania
Capital: Bucharest
Geographic Position: Romania is located in SE Central Europe, on the lower Danube and bordering on the Black Sea. The 45 parallel of North latitude and the 25 East line of longitude are crossing Romania.
Population: 21,733,556 inhabitants (July 1, 2003), urban population 53.2%. About 9 million Romanians live outside the country’s boundaries.
Official Language: Romanian. The Eastern most representative of the family Romance languages, Romanian descends from the Latin spoken in Dacia and Moesia in ancient times.
Ethnic Structure: Romanians - 89.5%; Hungarians (including Szecklers) - 6.5%; other ethnic groups - 4%
Religious Structure: Eastern Orthodox - 86.7%; Roman-Catholic - 4.7%; Protestant - 3.2%; Greek-Catholic - 0.9%; Evangelical - 0.1%; Unitarian - 0.3%; Other religions - 0.4%
Climate: Temperate-continental, Four seasons
Features: Mountains, Hills, Plains and Delta
Currency US $, Euro €, Pound £
THE ROMANIAN STATE Parliament House - Romania
Romania is a sovereign and an independent indivisible nation state
Romania is a republic
Romania is a democratic and social state ruled by the law
The state is organized according to the principle of separation and balance of the powers - the Legislative, the Executive and the Judiciary - in the framework of constitutional democracy, guaranteed by political pluralism.
State Organization: “Romania is a national, sovereign and independent, unitary and indivisible state”.
The President of Romania: Represents the Romanian State and is the warden of the country's national independence, unity and territorial integrity (elected for a 5 year term).
The President of Romania is elected directly by citizens, for maximum two four - years mandates. The President of Romania nominates a candidate for the post of Prime Minister and appoints the Government on the basis of the confidence vote granted by Parliament.
President of Romania: TRAIAN BASESCU, since December 2004
Prime Minister: Prime Minister is appointed by the President of Romania at the proposal of the Governmental Party.
National Day: The 1st of December (anniversary of the 1918 Union of all Romanians into one single state). Assembly held in Alba lulia, 1918, voting for Transylvania’s union to Romania and bringing about the Union of all Romanians into a nation state.
The Legislative: The Parliament of Romania, with 469 seats in the 2004-2008 legislature, is bicameral, being made up of the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies (4 year term)
The Executive: The Government of Romania, headed by the Prime Minister, whom the President entrusts with forming the Cabinet, the Government Program being endorsed by Parliament through a confident vote, Prime Minister: CALIN POPESCU-TARICEANU, since December 2004
The Judiciary: Independent, guaranteed by the Higher Council of the Magistracy; judges are irremovable.
Romania is a member of the UN, of NATO, and accession to the European Union is underway.
Foreign Policy Priorities

Romania's foreign policy not only features elements of continuity, but also of novelty, based on consensus, at the political and popular level, on the priorities to be promoted internationally.
The main priority of the Romanian foreign policy was integration in the European Union. On April 25, 2005, Romania signed in Luxembourg, the Treaty of Accession to the EU and became a member of the EU in January 2007.
The regional strategic role of Romania, as an eastern border state of EU consists in stability responsibilities in the zone, securing borders, while maintainging and developing political and economic relations with the neighbouring states in the Black Sea and Balkan region: the Republic of Moldova, Ukaraine, Russia, the states in the Caucasus and former Yugoslavia.
The foreign policy concept and actions of the Presidency and the Government of Romania are set to kindle a new spirit likely to bring about consistency, efficiency, predicatbility in the international policy, and a high level of performance.
The loyalty to NATO and the UN, under whose mandate Romania has troops stationed in Iraq, Afghanistan, Kosovo, Bosnia and several African states makes the Romanian authorities continue to keep its troops in these hotbeds of struggle against terrorism.
The Romanian Government continues to attach special attention to one of the foreign policy priorities represented by the special relation with the Republic of Moldova that it supports in its aspiration of European integration.
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