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FINE ART
The scope and brilliancy of the interior and especially exterior frescoes decorating the monasteries of Northern Moldavia (15th- 16th cent.)-Voronet, Moldovita, Sucevita, Arbore, Humor, or Patrauti made the great Byzantine culture scholar Andre Grabar consider this artistic phenomenon “an illustrated book open on all its pages.” Belonging in the same class are the old local icons, the painting of churches in sub-Carpathian Oltenia-Cozia, Hurezi, Tismana and others- and the famous folk icons painted on glass in 18th-19th century Transylvania.
Modern Romanian sculpture has Constantin Brancusi as its main figure, the artist who initiated the restructuring of the world’s sculptural language in the 20th century.
OLD BOOKS
The museums of the monasteries in Romania preserve most valuable illuminated manuscripts in the Slavonic, Greek and Romanian languages.
In the first decades of the 14th century printing presses were set up in Bucharest, Targoviste, Brasov, Iasi, Alba Iulia, Ramnic, Buzau, Blaj.
Parliament House - Romania
LITERATURE
The beginnings of Romanian original cultured literature date back to the 17th -18th centuries, when colorful works full of historical wisdom were produced by the chroniclers Grigore Ureche (1590-1647), Miron Costin (1633-1691), Ion Neculce (1672 -1745), the humanist Constantin Cantacuzino (1640-1714) and especially the scholarly Prince Dimitrie Cantemir (1673-1723), a famous writer,historian and philosopher, member of the Berlin Academy. The string of scholars concerned to assert the Latin origin and identity of the Romanian nation continued with the representatives of the Transylvanian School-Samuil Micu (1745-1806), Gheorghe Sincai (1754-1816),Petru Maior(1756-1821),and Ion Budai Deleanu (1760-1820), author of an ample and rather strange heroic-comical poem titled Tiganiada (The Gypsies Saga).
MUSIC
Archaeological sources, documents and iconographic testimonies attest to the existence of a well-individualized musical culture in pre-Roman and Roman Dacia. The growing Daco – Ro Tiberiuman population north of the Danube led to the development of religious music.
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